What is CBG?: A Beginner's Guide to Cannabigerol

What is CBG?: A Beginner's Guide to Cannabigerol

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Whether you're a cannabis enthusiast or not, you're likely aware of the increasing popularity of CBD products. At every corner, there seems to be a new CBD store

However, there is a new cannabinoid emerging in the market- CBG. Cannabigerol (CBG) is one of the many naturally occurring compounds found in cannabis plants, and it is considered one of the most significant. CBG is derived from its chemical precursor, cannabigerol acid (CBGA), which is crucial in producing more prominent cannabinoids like THC and CBD. Now, consumers are beginning to appreciate that CBG itself offers a unique and beneficial experience.

If you're interested in learning about the effects and benefits of CBG, you've come to the right place. Below, we cover everything you need to know about cannabigerol- starting with how it differs from its similar-sounding counterpart. 

What is CBG?

Cannabis with purple leaves isolated on a black background. Flowering marijuana with vibrant foliage and bud flower

CBG is like the ‘parent’ of cannabinoids because every cannabinoid starts as CBG—however, as the plant matures, it eventually converts into other compounds.


From a quick look, it is easy to assume that CBD and CBG would be similar, but they are quite different. For one, CBG has its own chemical formula, meaning it does not have the same arrangement of atoms. As a result, it binds to our cannabinoid receptors (CB1 receptors and CB2 receptors) differently than CBD.

How CBG Works in Your Body

Speaking of cannabinoid receptors, let’s talk about the endocannabinoid system and how CBG interacts with it. The endocannabinoid system, or ECS, is a network of chemical messengers and receptors that regulates essential bodily functions like sleep, hunger, pain perception, and more. Usually, endocannabinoids like anandamide will be the chemicals doing the... messaging. However, the phytocannabinoids from cannabis plants are also able to interact with the ECS and produce various effects. 

CBG interacts with cannabinoid receptors that are found naturally throughout the human body. What makes this compound affect people differently than CBD or THC is determined by how it interacts with these receptors, a concept known as binding affinity.

CBD is known to predominantly bind with the CB2 receptors, whereas CBG binds to CB1 and CB2. While both cannabinoids do not cause psychoactive effects, customers have reported that each compound offers them a different experience.

Effects of CBG

Like any cannabinoid, CBG can incite an array of effects but keep in mind, our list below is not guaranteed. Depending on the amount you take and consumption method, you may respond differently than others. With that said, cannabis enthusiasts have reported feeling:
  • Relaxed
  • Mellow
  • Calm-minded
Some have suggested that CBD and CBG have similar effects, but with CBG, it is more pronounced. All in all, if you have enjoyed CBD in the past, CBG may be worth giving a try!

Benefits of CBG

Unfortunately, we are not at liberty to discuss the potential benefits of CBG or any other compound. But if you do want more information surrounding this topic, we recommend conducting thorough research by reading peer-reviewed articles and seeking advice from your physician.

We can say that several recent scientific studies suggest that this cannabinoid has therapeutic potential from its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. More evidence is necessary to substantiate these claims, but as cannabis research continues to evolve, CBG's role in a variety of applications seems promising.

The Importance of CBG

Without the acidic form of CBG, known as CBGA, we would not have the products that we have grown to love because CBGA is the chemical precursor for well-known cannabinoids, Delta-9 THC and CBD. But this transition doesn’t happen overnight.

As the plant begins to grow, enzymes will slowly convert CBGA into cannabinoid acids. Some include:
  • Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA)
  • Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA),
  • Cannabichromenic acid (CBCA)
The concentration of CBGA is at its highest during the early stages of the plant's development. Still, as the plant continues to grow, CBGA is converted into other acidic forms until it reaches maturity. And just like other cannabinoids, if you draw out CBGA and apply heat to it, it will transform into CBG. You can do this by putting it in an oven, lighter, or by using a vaporizer.

How Is CBG Made?

CBG is naturally produced in young hemp plants, but as the plant develops, it starts to convert into other cannabinoids. With CBG production in mind, hemp growers have had to choose—do they halt hemp’s natural growth process to gain a higher yield of CBG but a low concentration of other compounds?

The downside of this method is the amount of plant material it takes to achieve CBG production, and growers miss out on drawing out other compounds. Instead, some cultivators harvest hemp after it reaches maturity because it is more economically viable to produce not only CBG but also CBD and Delta-9 THC.

There are some instances of farmers that cross-breed with different genetics to achieve a higher concentration of CBG while still maintaining additional cannabinoid production.

How to Consume CBG

Hand holding a cannabis tincture dropper bottle between hemp plant flowers for oil production, close up shot.

CBG can be found in many different products. Some include CBG hemp flower, tinctures, and even edibles. But if you’re looking for a product with a mix of cannabinoids, a good place to start is broad-spectrum CBD. Within this mixture, you will have a variety of compounds, along with CBG, that balance out to offer you the Entourage Effect. This effect has been reported to provide consumers with a whole new experience compared to a cannabinoid on its own.

Whichever consumption method you choose, remember to have the tools you need. If you plan to purchase CBG flower, make sure you have an instrument or pre-rolls. But if you would rather keep it simple, you can buy tinctures or edibles. Tinctures and edibles are wonderful for those looking to have convenience and a user-friendly experience.

While we don't offer CBG products, our CBGA + CBDA oil tincture features the aforementioned "mother cannabinoid," CBGA, among a proprietary blend of hemp-derived compounds and organic MCT oil from coconuts in a natural medium. Consider adding a drop of our specially formulated cannabis tincture to your daily routine to experience the relaxing synergy of cannabis compounds.


When it comes to hemp products, THC and CBD reign over everything else, but as CBG continues to make its way to the surface, there is no doubt that it too, will reach the top.

For those looking to try CBG, remember to do your research and consult your doctor to determine if it is the right fit for you. Until next time, happy exploring, and mind your mind!

FDA Disclaimer: The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from health care practitioners. Please consult your healthcare professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires this notice.

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