Delta-8 THC is a compound that is found naturally in the cannabis plant, which includes hemp and marijuana.
This little molecule has a similar chemical structure to that of Delta-9 THC, the primary psychoactive component of cannabis, but it yields milder, yet euphoric, effects. The reason for Delta-8's less potent effects is its weaker binding affinity to the body's CB1 receptors.
Delta-8 Effects & The Endocannabinoid System
CB1 and CB2 receptors are located throughout the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a vital network in the human body that regulates various functions, including sleep, pain perception, sleep, and hunger. The interaction is like a lock and key system. CB1 receptors (located primarily in the central nervous system) and CB2 receptors are "triggered" by various chemical messengers.
These could be endocannabinoids, like anandamide, which are naturally produced in the human body, or phytocannabinoids, which come from plants- like cannabis- and enter your body when you consume the said plant. When phytocannabinoids like Delta-9 or Delta-8 THC interact with these receptors, the main result is a euphoria that is either very intense or very mild, depending on the binding affinity of the compound.
As mentioned, Delta-8's bind is weaker, but it's still THC. Although it will affect everyone differently, enthusiasts claim that it tends to result in a lighter, yet relaxing, mind and body experience.
Legality: Hemp vs. Marijuana
The 2018 Farm Bill defines hemp as cannabis with less than a 0.3% concentration of Delta-9 THC.
Cannabis that exceeds this concentration of Delta-9 THC
is defined as marijuana
All cannabinoids derived from hemp, including CBD, CBG, HHC, Delta-8 THC, and even Delta-9 THC within the 0.3% concentration limit are legal on a federal level.
How Delta-8 THC Is Made
Delta-8 THC occurs naturally but in insignificant amounts. In other words, cannabis has pretty low levels of Delta-8 THC.
While hemp breeders and cannabis researchers are seeking ways to increase Delta-8 THC’s concentration in plants naturally
, there is no way to do this yet. To get Delta-8 THC in useful concentrations (enough to make Delta-8 flower, Delta-8 Gummies
, and other Delta-8 products
), plant material is put through a process that extracts and concentrates Delta-8 THC. This usually involves taking natural CBD or Delta-9 and converting it to Delta-8 through a process known as isomerization or cyclization, respectively.
Once Delta-8 THC has been extracted, its pure form is a clear sticky liquid. This Delta-8 concentrate can then be infused into products for consumption. For example, Delta-8 Tinctures
and Delta-8 Capsules
contain concentrated Delta-8 THC that has been mixed with other solutions (organic MCT oil in these cases) to make for an enjoyable experience. Pure Delta-8 THC concentrate (also called distillate) is typically sold in syringes because of its viscosity.
What is Delta-8 THC Flower
Because hemp cannot be grown with high enough concentrations of Delta-8 THC to harvest "Delta-8 flower," it's made by adding Delta-8 THC concentrate to hemp flower.
This does create problems for many people who make Delta-8 flower, however. Pure Delta-8 THC is a sticky liquid that never solidifies. When added to hemp flower, it creates a soggy, sticky mess that is hard to consume (or even get out of the bag).
Hometown Hero has developed a moisture-balancing process to make Zero-G and Raygun
, two varieties of our even-burning, smooth-smoking Delta-8 THC flower. By rolling CBD buds in Delta-8 distillate, the resulting flower has a light, fluffy kief around it and even THC consistency. For this reason, our indoor-grown Zero-G
earned award-winning status.
Delta-8 THC Concentration in Flower
The amount of Delta-8 THC used to make flower can vary depending on how much is added. Some producers only lightly spray their flower with Delta-8 distillate while others dip the whole bud. This creates wildly different results in texture, consistency, and potency. When flower has a very high concentration of THC per gram, this usually means the flower will be soggy but potent. When a mild spay is used, the flower retains more of its original characteristics but less Delta-8.
Delta-8 flower that is between 150mg and 250 mg is a great sweet spot, so your Delta-8 flower has the perfect balance between potency and consistency.
Delta-8 THC is a naturally occurring compound in cannabis. It has a weaker binding affinity to the body's ECS receptors than Delta-9 THC, resulting in less intense effects. Delta-8 flower is made by covering hemp flower with Delta-8 distillate.
The 2019 Farm Bill made all cannabinoids, including Delta-8, derived from hemp federally legal. However, check with your state laws before purchasing Delta-8 products.
FDA Disclaimer: The statements made regarding these products have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The efficacy of these products has not been confirmed by FDA-approved research. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. All information presented here is not meant as a substitute for or alternative to information from health care practitioners. Please consult your healthcare professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act requires this notice.